7-10 DECEMBER 2021

Marine Monitoring Programme

 

                                                                   

 

Information on Marine Monitoring Programme of Turkey

 

Ministry of Environment, Urbanization and Climate Change implemented the national marine monitoring programme called: Turkish National Integrated Marine Pollution Monitoring Program. The program is coordinated by the TUBITAK Marmara Research Center with the cooperations of marine institutes of universities and marine experts and the public a─▒uthorities. Turkish National Integrated Marine Pollution Monitoring Program is a huge monitoring program covering all the seas of Turkey; Marmara Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea and Black Sea of Turkey with a large monitoring network of 423 stations. The program is designed according to the Regional Marine Conventions that Turkey is a part; Barcelona and Bucharest Conventions, their monitoring programmes, and the related EU directives (MSFD and WFD) and according to the national legislation. The program aims to provide information for marine and coastal water management strategies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The program covers most of the pollution and quality components of IMAP and MSFD, it includes advanced level monitoring components like online monitoring, satellite monitoring activities, underwater noise etc. in pilot areas. In detail the national monitoring program has been implemented for 3 year periods, 2014-2019 period ended and 2020-2022 period studies has been going on. Chemical, ecological and hydromorphological assessments are carried out in marine assessment units and water bodies which were designated according to typologies, pressures and status informations. Bi-annual monitoring surveys in winter and summer are conducted in Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea and Black Sea. In Marmara Sea three monitoring surveys are conducted in spring, summer and winter seasons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In means of biodiversity and alien species; monitoring components involve phytoplankton, zooplankton, macrozoobenthos, seagrass, fish and macroalgea monitoring. For the pollution monitoring; physicocehmical parameters in water column and metal and organic pollution parameters in sediment and biota are analyzed. And also eutrophication status is determined. data quality is achieved by the intercalibaration tests (MEDPOL Proficiency Tests, BlackSea Secretariat Proficiency Tests, Quasimeme intercalibration etc.), accreditation of pollution parameters, ensured to use certified reference material and  solutions.

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

            Data is analysed and evaluated according to various evaluation tools; some examples are: for eutrophication TRIX, BEAST, HEAT, proportions of nutrients; for biota comparison with Turkish Food Codex, WHO Criterias; for pressure and impact analysis LUSI/LUSIVal indexes, MA-LUSI indexes; Chemical Status Classification, Ecological Status Classifications, Trend analysis, national legislation limiting value comparisons, for biological descriptors AMBI, M-AMBI, BENTIX, MEDOCC,  TUBI indexes and more are evaluated.  For marine litter; type, color, abundance, weight analysis, Clean Coast Index-CCI is evaluated. Validated and related data is reported to National Authorities, MEDPOL and to Black Sea Comission Secretariat.

 

Some of important steps about  marine litter monitoring activities until today as Turkey:

Within the scope of marine monitoring program of Turkey, which is Integrated Marine Pollution Monitoring Programme; microplastics and marine and coastal litter are monitored since 2013.  Microplastics in seawater and sediment, macro-litter on the seabed, as well as digested litter (in the fish stomach) are monitored in pilot scales. The details are given in the below table for the 2020-2022 monitoring period:

 

 

Microplastic in Sediment

Microplastic in Seawater (Sea surface and water column)

Beach Litter

Seabed Litter (20 station in each of the marines)

Digested Litter (Literature evaluations)

MEDITERRANEAN SEA

3 stations
(2014-2022)

3 stations
(2014-2022)

2019-2022
(1 pilot bölge)

2016, 2019, 2021 (every three years)

2022

AEGEAN SEA

2 stations
(2014-2016)
9 stations
(2020-2022)

2 stations
(2014-2016)
9 stations
 (2020-2022)

2019-2022
(1 pilot area)

2016, 2019, 2021 (every three years)

2022

MARMARA SEA

2 stations
 (2014-2016)
12 stations
 (2020-2022)

2 stations
 (2014-2016)
12 stations
 (2020-2022)

2017, 2020-2022 (1 pilot area)

2016, 2019, 2021 (every three years)

2022

BLACK SEA

2 stations
(2014-2016)
9 stations
(2020-2022)

2 stations
(2014-2016)
9 stations
(2020-2022)

2018, 2020-2022 (1 pilot area)

2016, 2019, 2021 (every three years)

2022

 

 

 

 

 

Marine Monitoring Guidelines

In order to developfff a standard approach in marine monitoring nationally and to harmonize the Integrated Monitoring and Assessment Program of the Mediterranean and its Coasts (IMAP), 12 monitoring guidelines were prepared within the Project of “Standardization of Marine Monitoring” between 2015-2016.  The guidelines have been published both in Turkish and English languages and they are the first guidelines in line with the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) in Turkey. These monitoring guidelines are prepared by taking into account the monitoring programmes of our national legislation, European Union Directives and Regional Conventions to which Turkey is a part (Barcelona and Bucharest Conventions, IMAP). “National Marine Monitoring Strategy Document” was prepared also in this project which will support the development of national monitoring legislation. The Guidelines are;

             

For further information on the national marine monitoring activities please visit the website: https://www.den-iz.org/#/1